Betting on 2021 Kentucky Derby Horses

Updated: April 20, 2021

Clock Icon Apr 20, 2021 – 12:09 PM ET

The Run for the Roses returns to its familiar place during the first weekend in May, with the 2021 Kentucky Derby scheduled for May 1. 

The field is loaded with the top three-year-olds in racing, who have battled in qualifying starts through the fall, winter and spring. 

As we inch closer to the Kentucky Derby, favorites Essential Quality, Hot Rod Charlie and Bourbonic top the board but there are plenty of capable contenders in the 2021 Kentucky Derby field.

Kentucky Derby Horses

Our No. 1 ranked horse Essential Quality has the best Kentucky Derby odds ahead of the race at +225. Read our analysis of the Favorites, Contenders and Longshots below and on our Kentucky Derby picks page.

Essential Quality

  • Expert Rank: #1
  • $25 Bet Wins: $68.75
  • Category: Favorite
  • Jockey: Luis Saez
  • Trainer: Brad Cox

Horse Notes: Winner of the Breeders’ Cup Juvenile at two-years-old, this colt has progressed nicely into his campaign as a three-year-old. He’s undefeated in his career, and already has three graded stakes victories to his name. He’s the clear choice atop the early Kentucky Derby odds and through all of the eight major Derby prep races of 100 points or more, he’s the only favorite to deliver.

Known Agenda

  • Expert Rank: #2
  • $25 Bet Wins: $350.00
  • Category: Favorite
  • Jockey: Irad Ortiz Jr.
  • Trainer: Todd Pletcher

Horse Notes: The equipment addition of blinkers has proven to be a good one, with this colt winning both races with blinkers on. His most recent effort is a Florida Derby win which earned him an Equibase Speed Figure of 112 – the highest among all three-year-olds.

Rock Your World

  • Expert Rank: #3
  • $25 Bet Wins: $150.00
  • Category: Favorite
  • Jockey: Umberto Rispoli
  • Trainer: John Sadler

Horse Notes: This $650,000 purchase enters as one of the most lightly-raced horses with only three starts under his belt: two on the turf and, most recently, a dirt try. He’s bred to excel at this distance and has been blessed with a lot of early speed, which should really work to his advantage in securing tactical positioning.

Hot Rod Charlie

  • Expert Rank: #4
  • $25 Bet Wins: $250.00
  • Category: Favorite
  • Jockey: TBD
  • Trainer: Doug F. O’Neill

Horse Notes: Finished second in terms of the Derby points leaderboard thanks to his victory in the Grade 3 Louisiana Stakes. That effort was his best yet and came against a very deep group. He showed both speed and stamina to prevail in a track-record time of 1:55 in that start, racing at 1 3/16 miles at Fair Grounds.

Highly Motivated

  • Expert Rank: #5
  • $25 Bet Wins: $250.00
  • Category: Contender
  • Jockey: Javier Castellano
  • Trainer: Chad Brown

Horse Notes: Posted a runner-up finish in the Blue Grass Stakes after switching things up and showing off some early speed. He was only beaten by a neck from Derby favorite Essential Quality and raced very well on the lead. His speed figures rank among some of the top heading into the Derby and although there are legitimate concerns at the 1 1/4-mile distance, he’s raced well in his efforts routing.

Super Stock

  • Expert Rank: #6
  • $25 Bet Wins: $250.00
  • Category: Long shot
  • Jockey: Ricardo Santana Jr.
  • Trainer: Steve Asmussen

Horse Notes: This colt is fresh off his first graded stakes victory in his most recent start in the Arkansas Derby, pulling off the upset over Concert Tour. He was much closer positioned in that start and proved he possesses some tactical speed. He’s one of only a few horses in here not lacking racing experience, which will prove to be a big asset.

Medina Spirit

  • Expert Rank: #7
  • $25 Bet Wins: $400.00
  • Category: Contender
  • Jockey: John Velazquez
  • Trainer: Bob Baffert

Horse Notes: Finished a very game second to Rock Your World in the Santa Anita Derby last time out. He’s been at his best when setting the tempo or involved near the pace early on. He’s going to have to show more but if one thing is certain, you can never count out Bob Baffert’s chances.

Midnight Bourbon

  • Expert Rank: #8
  • $25 Bet Wins: $500.00
  • Category: Long shot
  • Jockey: Mike Smith
  • Trainer: Steve Asmussen

Horse Notes: He’s been second and third best to most of the major Derby players in his few tries within the Graded Stakes ranks. The upside is through all three starts this year, he’s finished no worse than third and been beaten by no more than two lengths. His only victory was a comfortable front-end score in a race clearly lacking pace.


  • Expert Rank: #9
  • $25 Bet Wins: $825.00
  • Category: Contender
  • Jockey: Florent Geroux
  • Trainer: Brad Cox

Horse Notes: His most recent performance was a disappointing one as a short-priced favorite in the Louisiana Derby. That effort was concerning as it seems he didn’t have much of an excuse. If you’re willing to discount that try, the rest of his lines look fine and should help to offer a nice long-shot price on Derby Day.

Soup and Sandwich

  • Expert Rank: #10
  • $25 Bet Wins: $625.00
  • Category: Long shot
  • Jockey: TBD
  • Trainer: Mark Casse

Horse Notes: Another lightly-raced colt for trainer Mark Casse, with only three career starts to his name. He held his own in his first try versus graded stakes company, which was also his first try racing against a full field. We’ll have to wait on his jockey replacement as famed rider John Velazquez will opt to side with another mount for Pletcher.

Dynamic One

  • Expert Rank: #11
  • $25 Bet Wins: $400.00
  • Category: Long shot
  • Jockey: Jose Ortiz Jr.
  • Trainer: Todd Pletcher

Horse Notes: It took three tries to break his maiden but he did so convincingly, winning by over five lengths. He followed that performance with a runner-up effort in the Wood Memorial, where he even led at the top of the stretch. Slower fractions upfront early helped him and the eventual winner Bourbonic rally late.


  • Expert Rank: #12
  • $25 Bet Wins: $300.00
  • Category: Long shot
  • Jockey: TBD
  • Trainer: Todd Pletcher

Horse Notes: Went off as the longest shot on the board at 72-1 in the $750,000 Grade 1 Wood Memorial and ended up pulling off the huge upset, rallying from as many as 10 lengths back. He’s another horse which has improved a lot since the addition of blinkers and should appreciate racing longer.


  • Expert Rank: #13
  • $25 Bet Wins: $400.00
  • Category: Long shot
  • Jockey: TBD
  • Trainer: Mark Casse

Horse Notes: He tried his luck at the route distance in his most recent start in the Tampa Bay Derby. This was also his first try on dirt, where he pulled off the upset working out a nice rallying effort. With only one race in 2021 and just three total career starts, he enters the Derby shy on experience but could show signs of improvement.


  • Expert Rank: #14
  • $25 Bet Wins: $500.00
  • Category: Long shot
  • Jockey: TBD
  • Trainer: Todd Pletcher

Horse Notes: Broke his maiden in February and followed that with a runner-up finish in the Jeff Ruby Stakes. He’s one of four potential Derby entries for famed trainer Todd Pletcher but lacks experience versus top-quality colts and it’s tough to gauge his progression and level of talent.

Like the King

  • Expert Rank: #15
  • $25 Bet Wins: $500.00
  • Category: Long shot
  • Jockey: Drayden Van Dyke
  • Trainer: Wesley Ward

Horse Notes: Came from off the pace in the Jeff Ruby stakes with most of his prior efforts coming as the pacesetter. His most recent tries have been over the all-weather surface which is very different than the traditional dirt the Kentucky Derby will be contested on.

Caddo River

  • Expert Rank: #16
  • $25 Bet Wins: $400.00
  • Category: Contender
  • Jockey: TBD
  • Trainer: Brad Cox

Horse Notes: His only victory came against non-winners in the maiden ranks. He’s an improving colt who set some tepid fractions upfront early on and was unable to fend off Super Stock in his most recent try in the Arkansas Derby.

How horses qualify for the Kentucky Derby

There are a series of qualifying races for eligible three-year-old horses, also known as the Road to the Kentucky Derby, which begin in September and runs until early April. These races are mostly held in the United States, however, there are qualifying races in Japan and the United Kingdom. 

These races are part of a points system that will decide the starting field for the Kentucky Derby, with some races worth more points than others. Horses are awarded points based on their performances in these qualifying events and the top 18 horses in the points standings (if the top points horses from Japan and UK opt in) are awarded starting spots in the Kentucky Derby. 

Kentucky Derby prep races

There were 36 total prep races for 2021 Kentucky Derby, starting with the Iroquois Stakes at Churchill Downs on September 20, 2020 and wrapping at the Lexington at Keeneland on April 10, 2021. 

Heading into the Kentucky Derby, race favorite Essential Quality tops the standings at 140 points, boasting wins in the Breeders’ Futurity Stakes (10 points), Breeders’ Cup Juvenile (20), Southwest Stakes (10) and Blue Grass Stakes (100).

Points Standings

Horse Points
Essential Quality 140
Hot Rod Charlie 140
Super Stock 109
Like the King 104
Known Agenda 102
Rock Your World 100
Bouronic 100
Medina Spirit 74
Midnight Bourbon 66
Mandaloun 52
Caddo River 50
Highly Motivated 50
Helium 50
Soup and Sandwich 40
Dynamic One 40
Sainthood 40
Hidden Stash 32
Dream Shake 30
O Besib 25
Get Her Number 20

Types of Kentucky Derby horses

The Kentucky Derby isn’t open to just any horse. The “Run for the Roses” is limited to thoroughbred colts and fillies racing as three-year-olds.


Thoroughbred horses are predominantly used for racing, as they have a taller and slimmer build and are more athletic than standardbred horses, which are muscular and used in harness racing. Thoroughbred horses are able to sustain speeds over longer distances, with the Kentucky Derby raced at a 1 ¼ miles. 

Age of horses

Three-year-old horses can be considered teenagers in terms of growth, nearly fully developed but not quite at the maturity or muscle build of the four-year-old horse. Limiting the field to three-year-old horses allows for only a handful of prep races and adds an aura of mystery to the Kentucky Derby field, serving as a coming-out party for the next generation of elite race horses. 

Instant Replay: Kentucky Derby horses

  • Essential Quality is the favorite to win the Kentucky Derby after acquiring 140 points in qualifying races.
  • Kentucky Derby prep races take place between the fall and early spring, with certain races awarding more points than others.
  • Horses from Japan and the United Kingdom have a chance to make the Kentucky Derby field.
  • The Kentucky Derby field is capped at 20 horses maximum and is limited to thoroughbreds racing as three-year-olds.

Kentucky Derby Horses FAQs

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